by Mark Stout
In his Allegory of the Cave Plato describes the phenomenon of perception and what we believe to be real. Essentially, in the world of appearances what appears real is often only illusion, shadows cast across the wall of a cave from our limited point of view.
True knowledge, the source and cause of the shadows, is often hidden and requires a search for truth in order to discern. Therefore, we all can be easily deceived, by our senses, our physical material appetites and our beliefs which drive our motivation.
This begs the question then: How do we really know that what we believe is true and not an illusion?